Myanmar Earthquake 2011: 6.8 Magnitude Temblor Hits Near Thailand

YANGON, Myanmar — A strong earthquake that toppled homes in northeastern Myanmar has killed more than 70 people, and there were fears Friday the toll would mount as conditions in more remote areas became known.

The Thursday night quake, measured at a magnitude 6.8 by the U.S. Geological Survey, was centered just north of the town Tachileik in the mountains along the Thai border. It was felt hundreds of miles (kilometers) away in the Thai capital Bangkok and Vietnamese capital Hanoi.

Myanmar state radio announced Friday that 74 people had been killed and 111 injured in the quake, but was updating the total frequently. It said that 390 houses, 14 Buddhist monasteries and nine government buildings were damaged.

An official from the U.N.’s World Food Program said there were many casualties and serious damage in Mong Lin village, five miles (eight kilometers) from Tachileik. State radio said 29 were killed there and 16 injured.

The state-run New Light of Myanmar newspaper reported that 15 houses collapsed in the town of Tarlay, where state radio said 11 were killed and 29 injured. Another U.N. official said a small hospital there was partially damaged as well as a bridge, making it difficult to access the town.

The newspaper said another two people were killed in Tachileik, including a 4-year-old boy. It said six people were injured in the town, which is just across the border from Mae Sai in Thailand’s Chiang Rai province.

In Mae Sai, one woman was killed when a wall fell on her, according to Thai police, but damage was otherwise minimal.

The second U.N. official said medicine would be sent to the affected areas as soon as possible along with an assessment team in cooperation with the Myanmar Red Cross Society.

Both U.N. officials spoke on condition of anonymity because Myanmar’s government frowns on giving unauthorized information to the media.

Most of rural Myanmar, one of Asia’s poorest countries, is underdeveloped, with poor communications and other infrastructure, and minimal rescue and relief capacity. The country’s military government is also usually reluctant to release information about disasters because it is already sensitive to any criticism.

The government tightly controls information, and in 2008 delayed reporting on – and asking for help with – devastating Cyclone Nargis, which killed 130,000 people. The junta was widely criticized for what were called inadequate preparations and a slow response to the disaster.

Somchai Hatayatanti, the governor of Chiang Rai province, said dozens of people suffered minor injuries on the Thai side of the border. Cracks were found in buildings in downtown Chiang Rai city, about 55 miles (90 kilometers) from the epicenter, including a provincial hospital and city hall. The tops of the spires fell off from at least two Buddhist temples.

As a precaution for aftershocks, a relief center was being set up Friday in Mae Sai.

“We are worried that the area might be hit with stronger quakes. There was another quake at 7 a.m. this morning,” said Somsri Meethong of the Mae Sai District office, referring to a 4.9 aftershock. “I had to run again like last night. What we have seen on TV about Japan added to our fear.”

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RUN Commands

 access.cpl   Accessibility Controls  
 appwiz.cpl Add/Remove Programs 
 calc Calculator 
 certmgr.msc Certificate Manager 
 charmap Character Map 
 chkdsk Check Disk Utility 
 ciadv.msc Indexing Service 
 cleanmgr Disk Cleanup Utility 
 cliconfg SQL Client Configuration 
 clipbrd Clipboard Viewer 
 cmd Command Prompt 
 compmgmt.msc Computer Management 
 control admintools Administrative Tools 
 control color Display Properties (w/Appearance Tab Preselected) 
 control desktop Display Properties 
 control folders Folders Properties 
 control fonts Fonts 
 control keyboard Keyboard Properties 
 control mouse Mouse Properties 
 control netconnections Network Connections 
 control printers Printers and Faxes 
 control schedtasks Scheduled Tasks 
 dcomcnfg Component Services 
 ddeshare DDE Shares 
 devmgmt.msc Device Manager 
 dfrg.msc Disk Defragment 
 diskmgmt.msc Disk Management 
 diskpart Disk Partition Manager 
 eudcedit Private Character Editor 
 eventvwr.msc Event Viewer 
 findfast.cpl Findfast 
 firewall.cpl Windows Firewall 
 fonts Fonts Folder 
 freecell Free Cell Card Game 
 fsmgmt.msc Shared Folders 
 fsquirt Bluetooth Transfer Wizard 
 hdwwiz.cpl Add Hardware Wizard 
 iexpress Iexpress Wizard 
 inetcpl.cpl Internet Properties 
 intl.cpl Regional Settings 
 ipconfig /all IP Configuration (Display Connection Configuration) 
 ipconfig /displaydns IP Configuration (Display DNS Cache Contents) 
 ipconfig /flushdns IP Configuration (Delete DNS Cache Contents) 
 ipconfig /registerdns IP Configuration (Refreshes DHCP & Re-Registers DNS) 
 ipconfig /release IP Configuration (Release All Connections) 
 ipconfig /renew IP Configuration (Renew All Connections) 
 ipconfig /setclassid IP Configuration (Modifies DHCP Class ID) 
 ipconfig /showclassid IP Configuration (Display DHCP Class ID) 
 joy.cpl Game Controllers 
 logoff Logs You Out Of Windows 
 lusrmgr.msc Local Users and Groups 
 magnify Windows Magnifier 
 mmsys.cpl Sounds and Audio 
 msconfig System Configuration Utility 
 mshearts Hearts Card Game 
 mstsc Remote Desktop 
 netsetup.cpl Network Setup Wizard 
 notepad Notepad 
 ntmsmgr.msc Removable Storage 
 ntmsoprq.msc Removable Storage Operator Requests 
 nusrmgr.cpl User Account Management 
 odbccp32.cpl ODBC Data Source Administrator 
 osk On Screen Keyboard 
 packager Object Packager 
 perfmon Performance Monitor 
 powercfg.cpl Power Configuration 
 printers Printers Folder 
 regedit Registry Editor 
 rsop.msc Resultant Set of Policy (XP Prof) 
 secpol.msc Local Security Settings 
 services.msc Services 
 sfc /cachesize=x System File Checker Utility (Set Cache Size to size x) 
 sfc /purgecache System File Checker Utility (Purge File Cache) 
 sfc /revert System File Checker Utility (Return to Default Setting) 
 sfc /scanboot System File Checker Utility (Scan On Every Boot) 
 sfc /scannow System File Checker Utility (Scan Immediately) 
 sfc /scanonce System File Checker Utility (Scan Once At Next Boot) 
 shutdown Shuts Down Windows 
 sigverif File Signature Verification Tool 
 spider Spider Solitare Card Game 
 sticpl.cpl Scanners and Cameras 
 sysdm.cpl System Properties 
 sysedit System Configuration Editor 
 syskey Windows System Security Tool 
 taskmgr Task Manager 
 telephon.cpl Phone and Modem Options 
 telnet Telnet Client 
 timedate.cpl Date and Time Properties 
 utilman Utility Manager 
 verifier Driver Verifier Utility 
 winchat Microsoft Chat 
 winmine Minesweeper Game 
 wmimgmt.msc Windows Management Infrastructure 
 write  Wordpad 
 wscui.cpl Security Center 
 wuaucpl.cpl Automatic Updates 
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Message from the Citizen of India……………….

Monday, April 24, 2006

A very thoughtful speech from the Citizen of India……… It’s very long but worth spending 15 mins.


Why is the media here so negative?

Why are we in India so embarrassed to recognize our own strengths, our achievements? We are such a great nation. We have so many amazing success stories but we refuse to acknowledge them. Why?

We are the first in milk production.

We are number one in Remote sensing satellites.

We are the second largest producer of wheat.

We are the second largest producer of rice.

Look at Dr. Sudarshan, he has transferred the tribal village into a self-sustaining, self-driving unit. There are millions of such achievements but our media is only obsessed in the bad news and failures and disasters.

I was in Tel Aviv once and I was reading the Israeli newspaper. It was the day after a lot of attacks and bombardments and deaths had taken place. The Hamas had struck. But the front page of the newspaper had the picture of a Jewish gentleman who in five years had transformed his desert into an orchid and a granary.

It was this inspiring picture that everyone woke up to. The gory details of killings, bombardments, deaths, were inside in the newspaper, buried among other news.

In India we only read about death, sickness, terrorism, crime. Why are we so NEGATIVE? Another question: Why are we, as a nation so obsessed with foreign things? We want foreign T. Vs, we want foreign shirts. We want foreign technology.

Why this obsession with everything imported. Do we not realize that self-respect comes with self-reliance? I was in Hyderabad giving this lecture, when a 14 year old girl asked me for my autograph. I asked her what her goal in life is. She replied: I want to live in a developed India.

For her, you and I will have to build this developed India. You must proclaim. India is not an under-developed nation; it is a highly developed nation. Do you have 10 minutes? Allow me to come back with a vengeance.

Got 10 minutes for your country? If yes, then read; otherwise, choice is yours.

YOU say that our government is inefficient.

YOU say that our laws are too old.

YOU say that the municipality does not pick up the garbage.

YOU say that the phones don’t work, the railways are a joke, The airline is the worst in the world, mails never reach their destination.

YOU say that our country has been fed to the dogs and is the absolute pits.

YOU say, say and say. What do YOU do about it?

Take a person on his way to Singapore. Give him a name

– YOURS. Give him a

face – YOURS. YOU walk out of the airport and you are at your International best. In Singapore you don’t throw cigarette butts on the roads or eat in the stores. YOU are as proud of their Underground links as they are. You pay $5 (approx. Rs. 60) to drive through Orchard Road (equivalent of Mahim Causeway or Pedder Road) between 5 PM and 8 PM. YOU come back to the parking lot to punch your parking ticket if you have over stayed in a restaurant or a shopping mall irrespective of your status identity… In Singapore you don’t say anything, DO YOU? YOU wouldn’t dare to eat in public during Ramadan, in Dubai. YOU would not dare to go out without your head covered in Jeddah. YOU would not dare to buy an employee of the telephone exchange in London at 10 pounds (Rs.650) a month to, ‘see to it that my STD and ISD calls are billed to someone else.’YOU would not dare to speed beyond 55 mph (88 km/h) in Washington and then tell the traffic cop, ‘Jaanta hai main kaun hoon (Do you know who I am?). I am so and so’s son.

Take your two bucks and get lost.’ YOU wouldn’t chuck an empty coconut shell anywhere other than the garbage pail on the beaches in Australia and New Zealand.

Why don’t YOU spit Paan on the streets of Tokyo? Why don’t YOU use examination jockeys or buy fake certificates in Boston??? We are still talking of the same YOU. YOU who can respect and conform to a foreign system in other countries but cannot in your own. You who will throw papers and cigarettes on the road the moment you touch Indian ground. If you can be an involved and appreciative citizen in an alien country, why cannot you be the same here in India?

Once in an interview, the famous Ex-municipal commissioner of Bombay, Mr.Tinaikar, had a point to make. ‘Rich people’s dogs are walked on the streets to leave their affluent droppings all over the place,’ he said.

‘And then the same people turn around to criticize and blame the authorities for inefficiency and dirty pavements. What do they expect the officers to do? Go down with a broom every time their dog feels the pressure in his bowels?

In America every dog owner has to clean up after his pet has done the job.

Same in Japan. Wil l the Indian citizen do that here?’

He’s right. We go to

the polls to choose a government and after that forfeit all responsibility.

We sit back wanting to be pampered and expect the government to do everything for us whilst our contribution is totally negative. We expect the government to clean up but we are not going to stop chucking garbage all over the place nor are we going to stop to pick a up a stray piece of paper and throw it in the bin. We expect the railways to provide clean bathrooms but we are not going to learn the proper use of bathrooms.

We want Indian Airlines and Air India to provide the best of food and toiletries but we are not going to stop pilfering at the least opportunity.

This applies even to the staff who is known not to pass on the service to the public. When it comes to burning social issues like those related to women, dowry, girl child! and others, we make loud drawing room protestations and continue to do the reverse at home.

Our excuse? ‘It’s the

whole system which has to change, how will it matter if I alone forego my sons’ rights to a dowry.’ So who’s going to change the system?

What does a system consist of ? Very conveniently for us it consists of our neighbours, other households, other cities, other communities and the government. But definitely not me and YOU. When it comes to us actually making a positive contribution to the system we lock ourselves along with our families into a safe cocoon and look into the distance at countries far away and wait for a Mr.Clean to come along & work miracles for us with a majestic sweep of his hand or we leave the country and run away.

Like lazy cowards hounded by our fears we run to America to bask in their glory and praise their system. Whe n New York becomes insecure we run to England. When England experiences unemployment, we take the next flight out to the Gulf. When the Gulf is war struck, we demand to be rescued and brought home by the Indian government. Everybody is out to abuse and rape the country. Nobody thinks of feeding the system. Our conscience is mortgaged to money.

Dear Indians, The article is highly thought inductive, calls for a great deal of introspection and pricks one’s conscience too…. I am echoing J.

F. Kennedy’s words to his fellow Americans to relate to Indians…..



Lets do what India needs from us.


Thank you,



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Windows Explorer Keyboard Shortcuts

Windows Explorer Keyboard Shortcuts


Display the bottom of the active window)


Display the top of the active window)


Collapse the current selection if it is expanded, or select the parent folder)

NUM LOCK+Asterisk Sign

Display all of the subfolders that are under the selected folder)

NUM LOCK+Minus Sign

Collapse the selected folder)

NUM LOCK+Plus Sign

Display the contents of the selected folder)


Display the current selection if it is collapsed, or select the first subfolder)

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Windows XP Shortcut Keys

Keyboard Shortcuts for Windows XP


View the properties for the selected item.


Display the properties of the selected object.


Cycle through items in the order that they had been opened.


Close the active item, or quit the active program.


Open the shortcut menu for the active window.


Display the System menu for the active window.


Switch between the open items.

ALT+ Underlined Menu Letter

Display the corresponding menu.


View the folder one level up in My Computer or Windows Explorer.

CTRL + Dragging Item

Copy the selected item.


Select all.




Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph.


Display the Start Menu.


Close the active document in programs that enable you to have multiple documents open simultaneously.


Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word.


Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word.

CTRL+ SHIFT +Dragging Item

Create a shortcut to the selected item.

CTRL+ SHIFT + Any Arrow Key

Highlight a block of text.


Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph.










Cancel the current task.

F10 Key

Activate the menu bar in the active program.

F2 Key

Rename the selected item.

F3 Key

Search for a file or a folder

F4 Key

Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer.

F5 Key

Update the active window.

F6 Key

Cycle through the screen elements in a window or on the desktop.


Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu.


Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu.


Prevent the CD-ROM from automatically playing.

SHIFT + Any Arrow Key

Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text in a document.


Delete the selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin.


Display the shortcut menu for the selected item.

Posted in Computers and Internet | 1 Comment

Sardar Smiled

A Sardar, a German and a Pakistani got arrested consuming alcohol
which is a severe offense in
Saudi Arabia , so for the terrible crime they
are all sentenced 20 lashes each of the whip.

As they were preparing for their punishment, the Sheik announced:
"It’s my first wife’s birthday today, and she has asked me to allow each of
you one wish before your whipping."

The German was first in line, he thought for a while and then
said: "Please tie a pillow to my back." This was done, but the pillow only
lasted 10 lashes & the German had to be carried away bleeding and crying
with pain.

The Pakistani was next up.

After watching the German in horror he said smugly: "Please fix
two pillows to my back." But even two pillows could only take 15 lashes & the
was also led away whimpering loudly.

The Sardar was the last one up, but before he could say anything,
the Sheikh turned to him and said:  "You are from a most beautiful part of
the world and your culture is one of the finest in the world. For this, you
may have
two wishes!"

"Thank you, your Most Royal and Merciful highness," Sardar
replied.  "In
recognition of your kindness, my first wish is that you give me
not20, but 100 lashes."

"Not only are you an honorable, handsome and powerful man, you are
also very brave."

The Sheik said with an admiring look on his face.  "If 100 lashes
is what you desire, then so be it.  And what is your second wish, ?" the
Sheik asked.

Sardar smiled and said, "Tie the Pakistani to my back"!!!

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Pretty good, a mighty lesson learnt

Vivek Pradhan wasn’t a happy man. Even the plush comfort of the
First Class air-conditioned compartment of the Shatabdi Express
couldn’t cool his frayed nerves. He was the Project Manager and
still not entitled to air travel. It was not the prestige he
sought, he had tried to reason with the admin guy, it was the
savings in time. A PM had so many things to do!
            He opened his case and took out the laptop, determined
to put the time to some good use.
            "Are you from the software industry sir," the man
beside him was staring appreciatively at the laptop.
            Vivek glanced briefly and mumbled in affirmation,
handling the laptop now with exaggerated care and importance as if
it were an expensive car.
            "You people have brought so much advancement to the
country sir. Today everything is getting computerized."
            ‘Thanks," smiled Vivek, turning around to give the man
a look.
            He always found it difficult to resist appreciation.
The man was young and stocky like a sportsman. He looked simple and
Strangely out of place in that little lap of luxury like a small
town boy in a prep school. He probably was a Railway sportsman
making the most of his free traveling pass.
            "You people always amaze me," the man continued, "You
sit in an office and write something on a computer and it does so
many big things outside."
            Vivek smiled deprecatingly. Naivety demanded reasoning
Not anger. "It is not as simple as that my friend. It is not just
A question of writing a few lines. There is a lot of process that
Goes behind it." For a moment he was tempted to explain the entire
Software Development Lifecycle but restrained himself to a
Single  statement. "It is complex, very complex."
            "It has to be. No wonder you people are so highly
paid," came the reply. This was not turning out as Vivek had thought. A
hint of belligerence came into his so far affable, persuasive
            "Everyone just sees the money. No one sees the amount
of hard work we have to put in." "Hard work!" "Indians have such a
narrow concept of hard work. Just because we sit in an
air-conditioned office doesn’t mean our brows don’t sweat. You exercise
the muscle; we exercise the mind and believe me that is no
less taxing."
            He had the man where he wanted him and it was time to
drive home the point. "Let me give you an example. Take this
train. The entire railway reservation system is computerized. You
can book a train ticket between any two stations from any of the
hundreds of computerized booking centers across the country.
Thousands of transactions accessing a single database
at a given time; concurrency, data integrity, locking, data
security. Do you understand the complexity in designing and coding such
a system?"
            The man was stuck with amazement, like a child at a
planetarium. This was something big and beyond his imagination.
            "You design and code such things."
            "I used to," Vivek paused for effect, "But now I am the
Project manager,"
            "Oh!" sighed the man, as if the storm had passed over,
"so your life is easy now."
            It was like being told the fire was better than the
frying pan. The man had to be given a feel of the heat.
            "Oh come on, does life ever get easy as you go up the
ladder. Responsibility only brings more work. Design and
coding! That is the easier part. Now I don’t do it, but I am
responsible for it and believe me, that is far more stressful. My job is
to get the work done in time and with the highest quality. And to
tell you about the pressures! There is the customer at one end
always changing his requirements, the user wanting something
else and your boss always expecting you to have finished it
            Vivek paused in his diatribe, his belligerence fading
With self-realisation. What he had said was not merely the
Outburst of a wronged man, it was the truth. And one need not get
Angry while defending the truth.
            "My friend," he concluded triumphantly, "you don’t know
what it is to be in the line of fire."
            The man sat back in his chair, his eyes closed as if in
realization.When he spoke after sometime, it was with a calm
certainty that surprised Vivek.
            "I know sir, I know what it is to be in the line of
fire," He was staring blankly as if no passenger, no train existed,
just a vast expanse of time.
            "There were 30 of us when we were ordered to capture
Point 4875 in the cover of the night. The enemy was firing from the
top. There was no knowing where the next bullet was going to come
from and for whom. In the morning when we finally hoisted the
tricolor at the top only 4 of us were alive."
        "You are a…"
            "I am Subedar Sushant from the 13 J&K Rifles on duty at
Peak 4875 in Kargil. They tell me I have completed my term and
can opt for a land assignment. But tell me sir, can one give up duty
just because it makes life easier. On the dawn of that
capture one of my colleagues lay injured in the snow, open to enemy
fire while we were hiding behind a bunker. It was my job to go and
fetch that soldier to safety. But my captain refused me permission
and went ahead himself. He said that the first pledge he had
taken as a Gentleman Cadet was to put the safety and welfare of
the nation foremost followed by the safety and welfare of the men he commanded.
His own personal safety came last, always and every time. He was killed as he
shielded that soldier into the bunker. Every morning now as I stand
guard I can see him taking all those bullets, which were actually
meant for me. I know sir, I know what it is to be in the line of
            Vivek looked at him in disbelief not sure of his reply.
Abruptly he switched off the laptop. It seemed trivial, even
insulting to edit a word document in the presence of a man for whom
valor and duty was a daily part of life; a valor and sense of
duty which he had so far attributed only to epical heroes.
            The train slowed down as it pulled into the station and
Subedar Sushant picked up his bags to alight.
            "It was nice meeting you sir."
            Vivek fumbled with the handshake. This was the hand
that had climbed mountains, pressed the trigger and hoisted the
tricolor. Suddenly as if by impulse he stood at attention, and
his right hand went up in an impromptu salute.
It was the least he felt he could do for the country.
PS: The incident he narrates during the capture of Peak
4875 is a true life incident during the Kargil war. Major Batra
Sacrificed his life while trying to save one of the men he
commanded, as victory was within sight. For this and his various
other acts of bravery he was awarded the Param Vir Chakra – the
nation’s highest military award.
Live humbly, there are great people around us, let us learn!
Jai Hind
Posted in Must Read | 1 Comment